20 Years After Durban: Africans and Afro-Descendants Colonized or Emancipated?

Mireille Fanon Mendes France The 20th anniversary of the World Conference Against Racism (WCAR) is an opportunity to analyze the state of African descended people. Reparations for centuries of crimes against humanity must still be paid. At the end of the Durban -2001- conference, the international community, many NGOs, social movements and members of what…

In Nobody’s Backyard: Rejecting Geo-Political and Historical Fatalism

Gerald A. Perreira Except for the hum of US helicopters flying overhead, there was a deafening silence throughout the Caribbean region, during the recent Operation Tradewinds, Progressive and Pan-African forces did not utter a word, as soldiers from Guyana, Brazil, Bahamas, Barbados, Belize, Bermuda, Dominican Republic, Jamaica and Trinidad and Tobago participated in this region-wide…

The Unknown Relationship between Kwame Nkrumah and Malcolm X

Ahjamu Umi February 21, 2021 marked the 56th commemoration of the assassination of El Hajj Malik El Shabazz aka Malcolm X in Harlem, New York. The 24th marked the 50th commemoration of the CIA (Criminals In Action) sponsored coup that overthrew Kwame Nkrumah’s democratically elected government in Ghana. The close historical proximity of the downfall…

The Roots of Xenophobic Violence in South Africa—A Pan African Response

Black Agenda Review Editors South Africa must dismantle and transcend the colonial nation-state through creation of a Pan-African federation that stretches across the Southern African sub-continent. “Madalitso Zililo Phiri traces the contemporary rise of xenophobia in South Africa to the colonial and imperial formation of the Union of South Africa.” For the fourth post in the Black…

Declaration of Rights of the Negro Peoples of the World, August, 1920

Editors, The Black Agenda Review As part of our mission to supplement BAR’s historical perspective, the Black Agenda Review examines the Harlem meeting and manifesto that shook the Black world, a century ago. “Garvey’s militancy, his global vision, his unapologetically pro-Black, pro-African stance, and his demands for Black economic sovereignty and political independence held an…

Pseudo Black Nationalism: Toxic Masculinity & Homophobia

Ahjamu Umi Black Nationalism at face value has its honored place in history.  Despite the efforts by racist Europeans and accommodating negroes to denounce it for centuries, the concept of Black Nationalism has always been a survival tool for the African masses.  As Sekou Ture eloquently points out in his classic and widely missed analysis…

Pan-Africanism and the Pitfalls of National Citizenship

The Black Agenda Review The Review interrogates the thought of academic and activist Layla Brown-Vincent, who says she was “reared and steeped in Pan-Africanist thought and organization” from birth. For the second post in the Black Citizenship Forum we feature an interview with cultural anthropologist Dr. Layla Brown-Vincent. Brown-Vincent teaches Africana Studies at the University of Massachusetts, Boston….

Africans Must Recognize the Difference Between Marxism and Scientific Socialism

Inem Richardson Kwame Nkrumah Science is important. The masses of African people, as oppressed people, must base our struggle for liberation on scientific knowledge and action. Just because Europeans claim science as their invention does not mean that science belongs to them or that African people ought to reject scientific truth. Our people have been…

Nigeria, #EndSARS, Imperialism/Zionism, & Pan-African Unity

Ahjamu Umi A major day to day challenge we face is we are revolutionary Pan-Africanists living in the most technologically advanced, yet politically unconscious, society in human history.  Despite the fact 50 million Africans live in the U.S., and that we are here because of the largest kidnapping crime in human history, the vast majority…

The History of Systemic Theft of Indigenous Lands

Ahjamu Umi In 2020, it should be first knowledge with everyone that the Western Hemisphere is the land of the people indigenous to this hemisphere.  And, that the reason these folks are not in possession of these lands today is because of a systemic, violent, and uncompromising process to steal these lands from them.  All…