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Urgent Appeal from The African Revolutionary Movement on Behalf of Dr. Ahmed Ibrahim

Arm logo

URGENT APPEAL

Two days ago, the US-NATO installed regime in Libya sentenced the respected academic and political philosopher, Dr Ahmed Ibrahim to death by firing squad.

Dr Ibrahim was once Secretary for Education, and is a Qaddafi loyalist. He has written extensively on the Jamahiriyan ideology or what is known as the Third Universal Theory. Ahmed Ibrahim is a staunch Pan-Africanist and a courageous freedom fighter who, rather than fleeing the Libyan Jamahiriya during the brutal and barbaric assault on his country, stood his ground in the heroic defense of Sirte alongside the revolutionary forces and people, and was later captured by an Al Qaeda linked militia. The western-backed terrorists of this militia tortured and taunted him while he was being held in one of the prisons that they control, and now, after a mock, illegal trial, they have sentenced him to death by firing squad.

The African Revolutionary Movement (ARM), an Afrocentric, Pan-African organization is calling on all genuine Pan-Africanist organizations and parties, as well as human rights activists, to openly and loudly condemn this gross violation of justice and human decency, and to demand the immediate release of Dr. Ahmed Ibrahim. Also, we must demand that the African Union take the initiative and necessary measures to secure his release. ARM will do what must be done to expose the reactionary and racist character of the Al Qaeda linked and Arab-supremacist cabal in Libya, which is propped up by the US/NATO thugs.

In unity and struggle,

Yahaya Ezemoo Ndu
yn
Chairman,
African Revolutionary Movement (ARM)

Gerald A. Perreira
gp
International Secretary,
African Revolutionary Movement (ARM)

ARM is an international, Pan-African revolutionary organization committed to the unification and total liberation of Africa and the scattered African nation. Our members are active throughout the African motherland and the African Diaspora. We come in the tradition of all those Africans, known and unknown, who dedicated their lives to the struggle for the redemption, upliftment and liberation of all Africans.

Our objectives are:

    • To demolish all political, legal and economic structures/systems promoting and maintaining the exploitation of Africans, including capitalism, colonialism, neo-colonialism, imperialism, neo-liberalism and Zionism.
    • To work toward ending white supremacy in all areas of human activity.
    • To promote ideologies/philosophies indigenous to Africa, emerging out of our own African historical experience and cultures.
    • To promote an Afrocentric worldview, with the implicit understanding that in order to bring about an African renaissance we must return to our source.
    • To promote Black/African Liberation Theologies, recognizing that all monotheistic religions have their origin in Africa, and to finally wipe out the reactionary theologies thrust upon our people as part of the colonial agenda in Africa and throughout the Diaspora.
    • To realize the call for reparations as a vital component of the necessary redress for centuries of genocide and exploitation of African people and the shameless plunder of African resources.
    • To build revolutionary political and economic relationships between Africans in the Diaspora and the Motherland in order to improve the material conditions of Africans everywhere.
    • To promote Black Power Economics, enhancing African people’s potential to create wealth for the advancement and dignity of our people, and in order to achieve true independence.

ARM
Urgent Appeal from The African Revolutionary Movement on Behalf of Dr. Ahmed Ibrahim – pdf


*Notice

If you would like to assist Dr. Ibrahim by voicing your protest, please read this posting: Taking Action for Dr. Ahmed Ibrahim

Libya’s Counter-Revolution: Interview With Gerald Perreira

Heart Of Africa

https://i0.wp.com/s1.stabroeknews.com/images/2015/05/20150509gerald-perreira.jpg
Libya’s Counter-Revolution: ‘Africa’s Wealth & Resources For The African People, Managed By The African People’ With Gerald Perriera

This week on Heart Of Africa, Kudakwashe hosts respected international journalist, Gerald Perreira, at the request the programme’s dedicated listeners, who expressed the desire for him to address emerging questions regarding Libya,  following the episode, “Libya’s Counter-Revolution: “Europe Wants Africa Without Africans With Gerald Perreira.”  The programme is therefore listener directed. Sincere appreciation is expressed to all who contributed.

Gerald is a founding member of the Guyanese organizations, Joint Initiative for Human Advancement, and Dignity and Black Consciousness Movement Guyana (BCMG). He lived in Libya for many years, and served in the Green March, an international battalion for the defence of the Al Fateh revolution and was an executive member of the World Mathaba based in Tripoli. He is the International Secretary for the newly formed, African Revolutionary Movement.

NATO’s invasion of Libya in 2011 resulted in the country becoming a launchpad for increasing military invasions in Africa and the Middle East, since Muammar Qaddafi was assassinated. Scholars like Mahdi Darius Nazemroaya explain that the desolation of Libya that began in 2011, did not only extensively reduce Libya to a ‘powerless’ state, but enabled Europe and USA to exert the hegemony they had over Libya, pre-1969, in way in which they can re-extend their domination over Africa and Middle East, just like they did back then.

Professor of International Law, Francis Boyle, in his new book, “Destroying Libya and World Order: The Three-Decade U.S. Campaign to Reverse the Qaddafi Revolution“, reveals how it took three decades for the United States government, over five different presidential administrations, to overthrow and reverse the 1969 Qaddafi Revolution.

Their aim was to resubjugate Libya, take control over its oil fields, and destroy its Jamahiriya system. The book also shows what was both wrong and illegal from the perspective of an international law professor and lawyer who tried for over three decades to stop the overthrow attempts. This book has been discussed briefly on Heart of Africa.

Garikai Chengu uniquely shows the outstanding exemplary democracy that the nation State of Libya existed in under the leadership of Qaddafi. He exposes that contrary to well known beliefs, which western media portrayed as ‘Qaddafi’s military dictatorship’, Libya was actually one of the world’s most democratic states – if not a true model of a democratic state.

Garikai also points out that “Democracy is not merely about holding elections simply to choose which particular representatives of the elite class should rule over the masses. True democracy is about democratising the economy and giving economic power to the majority.” This was the reality of life in Libya.

Having lived in Libya for many years, Gerald gives the listener fundamentally explicit knowledge on the extensive development of Libya’s  Jamahiriya under Qaddafi’s, and informs the listeners of the consequential mass desolation caused by the NATO invasion since 2011.

He responds to questions about the situation on the ground in Libya today; the threat of the balkanisation of Libya; the imminent threat of  a further NATO military intervention in Libya; the plight of dark-skinned Libyans and Africans in Libya; and points out key tenets to be observed for the restoration and rebuilding of Libya – or any other African country.

Gerald once again informs the listeners of the chaotic governance over Libya at present under the interim government of  Mohammed al-Megarif, directly resulting in further deterioration of the  livelihood of Libyans. He further highlights the extent of Libyan refugee crisis in neighbouring countries.

He esteems Qaddafi’s benevolence that he extended to Africans across the world, especially in troubled times, using generally unpublicised examples. Gerald also responds to questions on the new political isolation law in Libya, directly designed to block anyone who had links with Qaddafi’s government from serving in Libya.

The discussion stretches to other subjects affecting Africa and the African people across the world, connected to the “Libyan Counter-Revolution”. The current instability in Nigeria leading to the state of emergency declaration in 3 regions; the seemingly re-emerging war in Darfur; the death of Hugo Chavez, the murder of Malcolm Shabazz, the  Assata Shakur ; and the influence of the Muslim Brotherhood and Qatar on Libyan affairs, are all brought under scrutiny.

Gerald sums up the discussion boldly declaring that Africa’s wealth and resources belong to the African people and must be managed by the African people for the benefit of all African people, who are capable of being their own masters. He projects a bold message on the invaluable unique unity required among the African people all across the world, especially indicating that on Saturday Africa commemorates the formation of the Organisation of African Unity 50 years ago. This organisation preceded today’s African Union, whose failures Gerald explains.

Gerald recommended the following websites for reliable information on Libya: Libya 360Pan African News WireSan Francisco Bay ViewSons Of MalcomBlack Agenda Report, and Jamahiriya News Agency.

Concluding the programme, Kudakwashe gives a relevant biblical message, encouraging the African people to recognise their God given abundant resources, and become masters of managing and distributing these righteously. Further more, she exhorts African people to connect to God, the crucial relationship required for the tangible revival of the African dream.

Heart of Africa is broadcasted live every Wednesday night at 2000 hours Central Africa Time (British Summer Time) or 2100 hours Central Africa Time (British Winter Time), on www.morelightradio.com. It is dedicated to examining matters that affect Africa from a Pan-African Christian perspective, as we envisage the revival of the African dream. Comments and questions welcome here or via twitter @HeartOfAfrica55. All rights reserved.

Also see:

PODCAST: Libya’s Counter-Revolution: “Europe Wants Africa Without Africans” With Gerald Perreira
Gaddafi’s Libya Was Africa’s Most Prosperous Democracy By Garikai Chengu
Demons Unleashed In Libya: NATO’s Islamists Continue Program of Ethnic and Ideological Cleansing
Everywhere Is War: European Warlords Strike Again – This Time In Mali by Gerald Perreira
PODCAST: How the Globalisation of NATO is Affecting Africa with Mahdi Darius Nazemroaya
PODCAST: The Pathopsychology of War With Cynthia McKinney & Abayomi Azikiwe
PODCAST: War On Mali: The Illustration Of Fragmented Totality With Mahdi Darius Nazemroaya
PODCAST: Legal Perspectives On The War On Mali With Professor Francis Boyle
Imperialists And Their Agents Forces To Acknowledge Disaster Created By Libyan Counter-Revolution By Jason Pack, Noman Benotman & Haley Cook
Gaddafi Placed $97 Billion To Free Africa From Imperialism By Libya SOS
BOOK: “Destroying Libya and World Order: The Three-Decade U.S. Campaign to Reverse the Qaddafi Revolution” By Professor Francis Boyle
PODCAST: Algeria Hostage Crisis with Dan Glazebrook
KWAME NKRUMAH: The People Of Africa Are Crying For Unity Compiled By Alexandra Valiente
Call For A United States Of Africa: Communique From The African Revolutionary Movement By Gerald Perreira & Yahaya Ezemoo Ndu

Related Articles Mentioned by Gerald Perreira:

Tribute to Al Hajj Malcolm Al Shabazz from the African Revolutionary Movement
Rest in Power, Malcolm el Shabazz (Official Family Statement)
COINTELPRO Alive: Malcolm X Grandson, Malcolm el Shabazz, Issues Statement
Remembering young Malcolm – with love

Tribute to Al Hajj Malcolm Al Shabazz from the African Revolutionary Movement

By Gerald A. Perreira
Arm logo

May 13, 2013

Africans all over the world mourn the death of Al Hajj Malcolm Al Shabazz, grandson of the great African revolutionary, Al Hajj Malik Al Shabazz (Malcolm X). ARM is in no doubt that this young African freedom fighter, who was using his legacy to inspire a whole new generation, was targeted for assassination. Anyone familiar with the aims and objectives of COINTELPRO can immediately read the signs. He was under constant surveillance as a result of his activism at home and abroad and the circumstances surrounding his death reeks of a set up. The Empire is in deep crisis and knows that the final blow will come from the mounting internal resistance to its reign of terror. Young Malcolm’s assassination comes at a time when the Empire’s state terrorist apparatus is intensifying its harassment of militant African organizations and leaders, and has recently placed Assata Shakur at the top of its most wanted terrorist list.

We send our deepest sympathy to the Shabazz family. As revolutionaries we know only too well the toll that our struggle takes on our families and the sacrifices they must make. The Shabazz family has made the ultimate sacrifice too many times, and it is with deep appreciation and respect that people all over the world are praying for and with them at this time.

The corporate media’s shameless attempts to discredit this young warrior, has fallen largely on deaf ears, since it is clear to all that these agencies of mass deception are simply in the service of Empire. There is hardly an African family in the Diaspora whose young sons have not had issues with ‘the law’. As many African scholars have noted, it is in fact ‘the law’ that has issues with our youth who are targeted globally. Truth be told, no youth on this earth has suffered more than African youth. No amount of slandering or character assassination by a discredited corporate media can detract from the stature of this young son of Africa who is mourned worldwide.

May Allah welcome him as a martyr, who died like his grandfather, in the service of his people.

In unity and struggle,

Yahaya Ezemoo Ndu
Chairman,
ARM (African Revolutionary Movement)

yn

Gerald A. Perreira
International Secretary,
ARM (African Revolutionary Movement)

gp

Libya’s Counter-Revolution: “Europe Wants Africa Without Africans” With Gerald Perreira

Heart Of Africa:

https://i0.wp.com/s1.stabroeknews.com/images/2015/05/20150509gerald-perreira.jpgLibya’s Counter-Revolution: “Europe Wants Africa Without Africans” With Gerald Perreira 17 Apr 13

This week on Heart Of Africa, Kudakwashe hosts respected international journalist, Gerald Perreira, in a fundamental ’eye-witness’ discussion centred on NATO’s invasion of Libya in 2011. This invasion has become a launchpad for other military invasions in Africa and Middle East, since Muammar Qaddafi was assassinated. Hence other relevant matters currently affecting Africa as the outcome of this war are analysed. The discussion, therefore, relevantly carries the title, “Libya’s Counter-Revolution: “Europe Wants Africa Without Africans””.

Other scholars like Mahdi Darius Nazemroaya explain that the desolation of Libya that began in 2011, did not only extensively reduce Libya to a ‘powerless’ state, but enabled Europe and USA to exert the hegemony they had over Libya, pre-1969, in way in which they can re-extend their domination over Africa and Middle East, just like they did back then.

In concert to Mahdi, Professor of International Law, Francis Boyle, in his new book, “Destroying Libya and World Order: The Three-Decade U.S. Campaign to Reverse the Qaddafi Revolution“, reveals how it took three decades for the United States government, over five different presidential administrations, to overthrow and reverse the 1969 Qaddafi Revolution.

Their aim was to resubjugate Libya, take control over its oil fields, and destroy its Jamahiriya system. The book also shows what was both wrong and illegal from the perspective of an international law professor and lawyer who tried for over three decades to stop the overthrow attempts. This book has been discussed briefly on Heart of Africa.

Kudakwashe introduces this week’s topic by sharing snippets from a well informed report on Libya’s prosperity – before the NATO invasion – written by esteemed Harvard Fellow, native to Zimbabwe, Garikai Chengu.  Listeners are encouraged to read this piece.

Garikai uniquely shows the outstanding exemplary democracy that the nation State of Libya existed in under the leadership of Qaddafi. He exposes that contrary to well known belief, which western media portrayed as ‘Qaddafi’s military dictatorship’, Libya was actually one of the world’s most democratic states – if not a true model of a democratic state.

Among other facts, Garikai also reveals that, at the time of the NATO bombardment of Libya, the media in the West “conveniently forgot” to report that the United Nations had praised Qaddafi in a lengthy dossier, for his human rights achievements. The UN dossier esteemed Libya for improving “legal protections” for its citizens, prioritising human rights, making improvements in women’s rights, expanding educational opportunities and increasing access to housing.

Disputing that capitalism and democracy cannot co-exist,  Garikai also points out that “Democracy is not merely about holding elections simply to choose which particular representatives of the elite class should rule over the masses. True democracy is about democratising the economy and giving economic power to the majority.” This was the reality of life in Libya.

Having lived in Libya for many years, Gerald gives the listener crucial in depth and broad knowledge on the extensive development of Libya and the reality of prosperity among Libya’s citizens – bolstered by the government – in Qaddafi’s Jamahiriya. He expands on intriguing matters including the extent of the invaluable women’s rights, that Qaddafi introduced and unwaveringly sustained.

Gerald also reveals how Qaddafi spent his days dedicated to fighting for the poor and oppressed, whole-heartedly, ensuring that their welfare was protected. He also illustrates how spiritual Qaddafi was, and how his high level of spirituality directed his principles of leadership, compassion, and allocation of Libya’s resources – across religions and gender.

Christians and Muslims lived harmoniously in Libya. Qaddafi emphasised that it was those who were not religious whose lives raised concerns as they did not have the virtues of God in them to instruct them on how to live harmoniously within their communities. Gerald emphasises that the type of Islam imposed today, linked to Al Qaeda and strict Sharia law, was not the kind of merciful Islam Qaddafi upheld nor promoted. He expands on how the merciless Islam is actually currently fighting against itself.

In line with the despicable devastation of Libya brought about by the NATO invasion, Gerald expands on how today’s Libya has now become a launchpad for more ongoing wars in Africa and the Middle East, like in Mali and Syria. Qaddafi was a crucial broker between the Tuaregs and the Mali government, before Mali’s own elected progressive leader, Amadou Toure, who shared Qaddafi’s ideologies was ousted.

Effects of Toure’s ouster eventually led to the current ‘French-led’ invasion of Mali, making Mali, among others like Somalia and Central African Republic, a target of a US-EU led military intervention. Again, though the wars may appear disconnected, they are all part of one connected system – fragmented totality, a hallmark of colonisation.

Adding to the situation in Mali, as the war on Syria progresses, a top NATO military commander  recently stated that NATO is ready for Libya-Style intervention in Syria. It is worth noting that for both the invasion in Mali and Syria, use of human and weaponry resources from Libya has been reported.

Tony Cartalucci states, ‘Libya’s arsenal has fallen into the hands of sectarian extremists with NATO assistance in 2011 during the culmination of efforts to overthrow the North African nation. Since then, Libya’s militants led by commanders of Al-Qaeda’s Libyan Islamic Fighting Group (LIFG) have armed sectarian extremists across the Arab World, from as far West as Mali, to as far East as Syria. … While undoubtedly these weapons are also headed to Niger, Chad, and perhaps Nigeria, they are veritably headed to Syria. Libyan LIFG terrorists are confirmed to be flooding into Syria from Libya’.

It is also worth noting that there are a number of parallels between the invasion of NATO in Libya, and the war on Syria. These include use if chemical weapons, allying of Qatar, Saudi Arabia, Turkey and United Arab Emirates, with EU and USA, and the involvement of Al Qaeda. Having backed the ‘Libyan uprising’, gas rich Qatar is also reported to be involved in supporting Muslim Brotherhood in Egypt, and the regime in Tunisia.

It has to be mentioned that Libya’s resources are also being “donated” to other regimes like in Egypt, and yet Libya is in dire need for restoration. No formalised terms are attached to this donation, and Egypt is not obligated to repay.

Gerald also describes the current livelihood of Libyans, under the now instated interim government of  Mohammed al-Megarif. He explains that this leader has no control over the administration of Libya; and that his government is completely divided and weak. Some militia commanders actually have more control than the Prime Minister in Libya. Benghazi is also being designed to be separated from other areas of Libya.

Gerald is a founding member of the Guyanese organizations, Joint Initiative for Human Advancement, and Dignity and Black Consciousness Movement Guyana (BCMG). He lived in Libya for many years, and served in the Green March, an international battalion for the defence of the Al Fateh revolution and was an executive member of the World Mathaba based in Tripoli. He is the International Secretary for the newly formed, African Revolutionary Movement.

Kudakwashe concludes the programme, with deeply inspirational biblical perspectives for Africa and her friends, from the book of Habakkuk. Heart of Africa is broadcasted live every Wednesday night at 2000 hours Central Africa Time (British Summer Time) or 2100 hours Central Africa Time (British Winter Time), on www.morelightradio.com. It is dedicated to examining matters that affect Africa from a Pan-African Christian perspective, as we envisage the revival of the African dream. Comments and questions welcome here or via twitter @HeartOfAfrica55. All rights reserved.

Also see:

Gaddafi’s Libya Was Africa’s Most Prosperous Democracy By Garikai Chengu

West To Rake In Billions From Libyan War By Garikai Chengu

BOOK: “Destroying Libya and World Order: The Three-Decade U.S. Campaign to Reverse the Qaddafi Revolution” By Professor Francis Boyle

PODCAST: How the Globalisation of NATO is Affecting Africa with Mahdi Darius Nazemroaya

Lion Of Africa Killed In Combat By Gerald Perreira

Demons Unleashed In Libya: NATO’s Islamists Continue Programme Of Ethnic & Ideological Cleansing by Gerald Perreira

Imperialists And Their Agents Forces To Acknowledge Disaster Created By Libyan Counter-Revolution By Jason Pack, Noman Benotman & Haley Cook

PODCAST: Libya Elections with Abayomi Azikiwe

Everywhere Is War: European Warlords Strike Again – This Time In Mali by Gerald Perreira

PODCAST: War On Mali: The Illustration Of Fragmented Totality With Mahdi Darius Nazemroaya

PODCAST: The Pathopsychology of War With Cynthia McKinney & Abayomi Azikiwe 

PODCAST: Algeria Hostage Crisis with Dan Glazebrook

PODCAST: Legal Perspectives On The War On Mali With Professor Francis Boyle

PODCAST: Application of International Law in Africa with Professor Francis Boyle & Abayomi Azikiwe

PODCAST: France’s Invasion of Mali with Abayomi Azikiwe

PODCAST: USA & UK Military Industrial Complexes & Their Relationship With Africa with Sukant Chandan

The Habakkuk Burden For Africa by Kudakwashe

KWAME NKRUMAH: The People Of Africa Are Crying For Unity By Alexandra Valiente

Call For A United States Of Africa: Communique From The African Revolutionary Movement By Alexandra Valiente

NATO Ready For Libya-Style Intervention In Syria By Rick Rozoff

NATO Proxies Using WMDs In Syria By Tony Cartalucci

Why Has Libya Given $2 Billion To Egypt By James Maxwell

Gerald Perreira Articles and Podcasts on Libya 360°

Everywhere is War: European Warlords Strike Again – This Time in Mali
We Must Bury Imperialism In Africa Or Perish…Giving Unwavering Support To The LPNM
Bani Walid Pays The Price For Refusing To Accept The Mark Of The Beast
Demons Unleashed In Libya: NATO’s Islamists Continue Program of Ethnic and Ideological Cleansing
The Lion Of Africa Killed In Combat

NATO Will Be Defeated In Libya
Gerald Perreira Interview: Libya Crisis In Focus
Libya From A Revolutionary Pan-African Perspective
In The Theater Of The Absurd, Libya Now Takes Center Stage
Against All Odds Al Fateh Resists White And Arab Supremacists: …Imperialism Will Be Buried In Africa
British Intelligence Worked With Al Qaeda To Assassinate Muammar Gaddafi
Coalition Of Crusaders Join With Al Qaeda To Oust Qaddafi And Roll Back Libyan Revolution
Archive of Block Report Radio Interviews with Gerald Perreira

Everywhere is War : European Warlords Strike Again – This Time in Mali

By Gerald A. Perreira
Libya 360°

Until the philosophy
that holds one race superior
and another inferior
is finally and permanently discredited and abandoned
Everywhere is war*

 

Anyone listening to the imperialists and corporate media reports/analyses of what is taking place in Mali, will be left feeling confused. But we know that confusion and commotion are an integral part of the imperialists’ game plan.

Both the Bible and the Quran warn us that the devil is the author of lies and confusion.

The Hon Elijah Muhammad taught us to recognize the nature of the devil and how the devil operates in the contemporary context. He taught us to see the devil not as some mythical figure, but as a reality, a living force moving amongst us, who knows its time is up and will do anything to maintain its rule upon the earth. This worldview is way outside the bounds of Western discourse, but integral to an understanding of what is really taking place in Mali and across the region.

The situation in Mali is not that confusing – actually it’s as simple as this:

Go back many years. Imagine you are the Brother Leader, Muammar Qaddafi. Your goal is one of a unified, strong Africa, able to throw off the yoke of imperialism and neo-colonialism. You know that Africa’s liberation cannot be realized without unity, and also that the first step on this long journey is to rid Africa of its remaining inept, neo-colonial regimes.

Leading the African Union meant that Qaddafi had to deal at a state to state level with the very neo-colonial regimes that he also knew had to be removed. To further complicate the matter, Qaddafi had long-standing and strong relationships with a number of liberation movements, revolutionary organizations and parties throughout Africa, that were opposing the neo-colonial regimes in some of these countries.

All sides of the political and ideological divide knew this about Qaddafi – that he had assisted liberation struggles throughout Africa, and for that matter throughout the world, with the sole intention of achieving African liberation and the victory of the oppressed worldwide. That his intentions were genuine was clear, since in many instances, under his leadership, Libya provided assistance to groups which definitely did more harm than good to Libya’s geo-political interests, simply complicating things for this often beleaguered nation.

I recently heard a National Geographic travel writer, trying to pass himself off as an expert on North Africa, and in particular, Libya and Mali, saying that Qaddafi played one tribe off against the other. What nonsense!

When I hear European journalists and some African factotums talking about Qaddafi playing one tribe off against the other, then I realize that we have to tell this story. Muammar Qaddafi was listened to by all sides, which is why he was so often asked to mediate in negotiations to resolve conflicts. Only someone who had not been at these meetings, and did not understand the ancient and complex nature of the African environment, could dismiss what Qaddafi was doing as ‘playing one off against the other’.

On Our Own Terms – African Solutions to African Problems

Those involved in the struggle for African unity know that mediating in the affairs of tribes cannot be achieved within the confines of the Westminster model of governance. Qaddafi was struggling to make peace in Africa in order to lay the groundwork for real development and liberation. As already mentioned, he understood that the only way for Africa to be free was for Africa and Africans, on the continent and in the Diaspora, to unite into a power bloc, and he also knew that it was imperative to apply African solutions to African problems.

The Libyan Jamahiriya, emerging as it did out of an African-Arab cultural environment, does not separate the individual from the community, but rather sees both as interdependent and part of an integral whole. In such a worldview, values which solidify and integrate the community are emphasized, while at the same time recognizing the rights, responsibility and role of the individual. This is in contrast to the liberal democratic tradition of the European community of nations or so-called ‘developed world’, where the individual is considered ‘absolute’ and where rugged individualism is encouraged.

In this framework of inter-connectedness, the prosperity of one means the prosperity of the other. Instead of pitting the interests of the individual and the community against one another, as is found in both capitalist and communist states, African communalism, or what Qaddafi refers to as ‘natural socialism’, recognizes the interests of all.

African philosopher, Polycarp Ikuenobe points out that:

While Africans recognize that individuals have natural rights, which derive from their natural individuality, interests and desires, these rights and individuality would be abstract and meaningless except when they are contextualized, made substantive, given material contents, and made meaningful in the context of a community.’

The detached, atomized individual is a European concept and is alien to the African traditions of Ubuntu, Ujamaa and Ishtirakiyah, principles which form the foundation of systems of governance based on African communalism or what was referred to in the Libyan Jamahiriya as ‘natural socialism’.

Where the multiparty system, emerging as it did out of the European cultural and historical context tends to fragment and divide, the Jamahiriyan system seeks to build social cohesion, unity and partnership.

In the Green Book, Qaddafi outlines clearly the social architecture that derives from what he understands to be a ‘natural order’:

The tribe is an extended family that has grown as a result of procreation. The tribe is in effect, a large extended family, and it then follows that the nation is the tribe that has also grown as a result of procreation. The nation is a large extended tribe; and the world is the nation that has diversified into a multitude of nations. The world therefore is an enlarged nation.

The relationship that binds a family together is the same relationship which binds the tribe together, the nation and the world. Nevertheless, the larger the multitude of people, the weaker this bond becomes… This is a sociological fact, denied only by the ignorant.

This is why it is very important for the human community to preserve the cohesion of the family, the tribe, the nation and the world, in order to profit from the advantages, benefits, values and ideals yielded by the solidarity, cohesion, unity, familiarity and love of the family, tribe, nation and humanity…the tribe provides its members with the natural benefits and social advantages that the family provides for its members, for the tribe is a secondary family. It is worth mentioning here that an individual may sometimes behave in a dishonorable manner that a family will not condone: yet because the family is relatively small in size, this individual will not be aware of its supervision. In contrast, individuals, as members of the tribe, cannot be free of its watchful eyes.’

Qaddafi understood the primacy of ‘culture’ and that the cultural context is the foundation out of which all ideologies and social systems emerge. He agreed with the view of Afrocentric psychologist, Wade Nobles, that culture is ‘a general design for living and patterns for interpreting reality’. That is why he chose to work so closely with traditional leaders/chiefs throughout Africa and the Tuaregs of the Sahel. Both groups had managed to keep their African traditions/culture alive, despite having been marginalized under colonialism and by successive neo-colonial regimes. This conception of culture is also why, from the outset of the Al Fateh revolution in 1969, Qaddafi necessarily rejected the Western multi-party parliamentary system and Western ideologies.

In 2010, at a meeting in Tripoli, Qaddafi addressed 175 traditional leaders from across the African continent. He told them that ‘African traditions were being replaced with Western culture and that multi party politics was destroying Africa’. The chiefs agreed, accusing Africa’s political leaders of ‘neglecting traditional values and marginalizing Africa’s indigenous institutions.’

Yahaya Ezemoo Ndu, leader of Nigeria’s African Renaissance Party and Chairperson of the newly formed Pan-African international, ARM, in a recent interview, quoted Professor Catherine Achaolonu-Olumba, when he warned Africans that if they failed to recognize the importance of their own culture and cultural institutions, they would never achieve liberation:

To all Africans, Blacks and all deprived peoples all over the world, we say culture is everything! Those who took your cultures from you took everything from you. Your culture is your life, your past, your present, your science, your religion, your closest link to the One True God. You are your culture and your culture is all you have – it is your link to all knowledge available in the Universal Mind of the Creator. Your culture is you…’

Ndu went on to say:

Most of the problems confronting Africans are traceable to inappropriate governance systems. The Western World, led by the United States, has been forcing electocracy down the throat of Africans, claiming that it is ‘democracy’, while in fact, the United States does not experience, and has never experienced true democracy’.

There are over 100 tribes in Libya alone innumerable tribal groups throughout Africa. The concept of the ‘tribe’ is misunderstood in European political discourse, and tribal forms of organization are automatically dismissed as being backward and having no merit. However, as Qaddafi rightfully acknowledges, family and tribe are the basis of all African societies and tribal forms of organization will never be relinquished. The current nation-state borders in Africa are colonial constructs, and often secondary to indigenous concepts of tribe and tribal nations. That is why tribes do not always recognize nation-state boundaries drawn up and left by the colonizers, and furthermore why some tribes, even if they exist across a number of ‘nation-state’ borders, can be considered as constituting a nation in and of themselves.

This is one of the reasons why the imposition of the alien system of multi-partyism into Africa, where tribal loyalties are so honored, has led to disaster. Political parties can never demand the loyalty and support that one’s tribe can. Eventually, the multi-party system exacerbates any tribal conflict that exists and even creates tribal conflict where it did not previously exist. It actually works against the existing indigenous forms of social organization, creating chaos and failed states.

Abd-l Alkalimat points out the contradiction of importing the very systems which have been used to destroy us:

The basis for our social, political and economic systems can better be found among the communal traditions of our people rather than among those who have used their systems to oppress if not annihilate us.’

The success of a given system is entirely dependent on whether the particular system in place is in tune with and meets the needs of the people it is meant to serve.

As Africans, our struggle must be focused on achieving our inalienable right to self-determination – to develop our own political and economic systems and put in place our own political structures, free of interference from the outside world. Only we can turn the tables – only we can achieve our own liberation from systems that continue to keep us in a state of dependency and disarray.

Talk is cheap…

Bringing about the kind of unity, prosperity, and dignity that could lead to an independent and democratic United States of Africa is a long and tumultuous journey, which not everyone would have the courage to embark on. Theory is one thing, and a vital component, however, concrete action has to start somewhere. Qaddafi and the revolutionary Libyan Jamahiriya put Libya’s wealth where their mouth was and began to work with others to support the coming together of Africa, by upgrading telecommunications systems, enhancing infrastructural development, engaging in joint commercial projects, building educational institutions, providing healthcare, advancing loans to African governments, and the setting up of African based lending institutions with plans for an African currency, which would have put an end to our continued dependency on the Euro/American Empire and their financial institutions.

Much analysis is produced by those who are not actively engaged in the struggle to change the world, but engaged only in interpreting it. They provide us with endless academic critiques of those who are active, finding fault with everything. The late African revolutionary, Kwame Ture, always said, ‘never to waste our energies in lengthy conversation or debate with anyone who was not actively involved in the struggle for liberation in one way or other, since they would never be able to fully understand the issues at stake and would necessarily be dealing only with abstraction.’

Anyone who is engaged in struggle knows that the world is a brutal and complex arena. African unity is a journey that is fraught with overwhelming challenges that cannot always be resolved the way we would wish. This is not to act as an apologist for mistakes made, but simply to acknowledge that if criticism is to be constructive then it must be part of a discourse that is anchored in the reality of what it means to fight imperialism and injustice on all its fronts in 2013.

The intellectual warrior, Franz Fanon understood this, based on his own involvement in the Algerian struggle for liberation, when he boldly claimed,

‘Everybody will have to be compromised in the fight for the common good. No one has clean hands; there are no innocents and no onlookers. We all have dirty hands; we are all soiling them in the swamps of our country and in the terrifying emptiness of our brains. Every onlooker is either a coward or a traitor’. ( The Pitfalls Of Nationalist Consciousness )

As we say in the Caribbean – ‘yuh think it easy?’

The Mali story…

When the progressive leader, Amadou Toure, was elected president of Mali in 2002, Muammar Qaddafi welcomed him onto the scene. Toure believed that African conflicts/problems should be resolved within the framework of the African Union and he supported the vision of a United States of Africa. In such an environment, Qaddafi was able to broker a peace agreement between the Tuaregs and the Toure administration. Qaddafi had offered the Tuaregs what no one else had – to live in Libya with all of the benefits that that brought – free healthcare, education, housing etc. This was a gift to the Tuareg people and also in line with Qaddafi’s understanding of this part of the world outside of the boundaries of the artificial borders created by colonialism. In fact, the Libyan Jamahiriya had authorized Africans from all over the continent to cross its borders freely.

Once Qaddafi was murdered and Libya was handed over to the current barbaric alliance of Arab supremacists, monarchists and Al-Qaeda affiliated Wahabi-Salafi heretics, the Tuaregs, many of whom had been integrated into the Jamahiriyan military since the early 70s, had no choice but to return home.

What happened next?

The National Movement for the Liberation of Azawad (MNLA), largely made up of Tuareg returnees, laid claim to a land mass in Northern Mali which they call Azawad. They claimed Azawad as their ancestral homeland and it came under their jurisdiction with little opposition from the Malian army.

In 2009, there was a major Tuareg uprising against the Malian government and Muammar Qaddafi was asked by both sides to play a mediating role. During these negotiations, President Toure made a number of concessions, promising to address the legitimate long term grievances of the Tuareg. These promises were not honored, and with Qaddafi no longer there to guide and mediate, and the Tuaregs now being forced to return to Mali, they had no choice but to claim their homeland.

tuareg  -mnla
MNLA

Colonel-Gaddafi-Tuareg-soldiers
Tuaregs integrated into the Jamahiriyan Army

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Muammar Qaddafi inspects troops wearing traditional Tuareg dress

President Toure quickly realized that a military solution was not possible and agreed to enter into negotiations with representatives of the MNLA. Days later, seemingly from out of nowhere, we saw a full blown coup in Mali. The US trained coup leader, Captain Amadou Sanogo, opposed the idea of Tuareg autonomy. At the time of the coup he claimed that President Toure was benefiting financially from the drug trade, suggesting that this was why he was ready to make concessions to the MNLA. This was untrue. For one thing the MNLA are not the ones who are involved in the expansive and lucrative drug trade in the Sahel – in fact they oppose it. It is well documented that the drug traffickers are Al Qaeda in the Islamic Maghreb (AQIM) and their front organizations across the region. That is why Qaddafi said that the so-called rebels in Benghazi were not only Al-Qaeda affiliated but were on drugs. It is interesting to note that Captain Sanogo was photographed recently with US ambassador, John Price, and the two were said to be laughing and talking like long lost friends. President Toure ended up in Senegal.

Next Move

Also, from out of nowhere – Salafi militias enter Mali – Ansar Al Dine and the Movement for Unity and Jihad. Groups never before seen or heard of in Mali – made up primarily of non Malians and backed by guess who? Correct, the Gulf State Pretenders to Islam and NATO. They had one shared objective – to crush the National Movement for the Liberation of Azawad (MNLA), since they shared Qaddafi’s vision for a united Africa and would have set up a Jamahiriya type state – Azawad style. The MNLA also adhere to an Islamic theology of liberation, rather than the Wahabi aberration parading as Islam, that the Gulf States and their imperialist backers depend on for their continued repression and plunder. The setting up of such a liberated zone would have provided a refuge for those loyal to Qaddafi and his ideas.

And so, they got rid of Toure and all hope of a peaceful solution to the issue of an autonomous Azawad and they unleashed their dogs of war, the Islamists, into Mali to beat back the progressive National Movement for the Liberation of Azawad (MNLA). The MNLA, however, were too clever to be seduced into an all out war with these foreign and reactionary Islamist forces, financed by one of the biggest sponsors of terrorism, the Qatari ruling elite, so they melted into the population, as only a liberation force with the backing of the people can do.

The MNLA had made it abundantly clear from the outset that they had no interest in seizing any territory outside of Azawad, including the capital Bamako, or causing havoc in Mali. This further ruffled the imperialists, since there is nothing they dislike more than the prospect of peaceful, progressive African based solutions to African conflicts.

With no MNLA to fight, the Islamists then proceeded to wreck havoc in Mali as they do everywhere they are deployed, and went on a killing spree and the French invaded to reign in their own proxy army, definitely not to save Malians from the brutality of the Islamists. The French realized that they had better reign in the dogs of war they themselves had unleashed, lest, unsuspectingly, while using the Islamists to prevent the huge deposits of uranium, which France depends on for their continued energy supply, from falling into MNLA hands, the Islamists themselves stole Mali from under France’s nose.

European Warlords in Re-scramble for African Resources

Unfortunately for Africa, we have everything that the US and Europe want and need. The story is not as complex in Mali, or for that matter throughout Africa, as they would have us believe – actually it is quite simple – the lifestyle enjoyed by Europeans on this earth – life as only they know it – is over without unfettered access to African resources.

With Qaddafi out of the way, one of the biggest remaining threats to their free reign in Africa is African resistance movements which are loyal to his vision. Groups such as the MNLA and JEM are high priority targets for imperialist military operations and their killer drones, a weapon straight out of their own Sci-Fi, which enables them to kill by remote control. The US, imposing itself as the judge, jury and executioner, has killed thousands of human persons this way, while at the same time posturing as the world’s leading democrats. Their world is undeniably bizarre and Orwellian.

drone
Unmanned Predator Drone firing missile

It is estimated that there are over 60 Drone bases in the US alone and more than 60 across the globe. The most recently installed Drone base is in Niger, Northwest Africa. The plan is for such bases to be installed throughout the continent. US president, Barack Hussein Obama, has shown himself to be little more than a warlord and black only in color. Mentally incarcerated, he is the perfect candidate for the role of first black US president – and what a public relations coup: to have a black man at the helm when re-colonizing Africa.

While the Euro-American ruling elite plunder the world’s resources, cynically paying lip service to the ‘American Dream’, the tragedy is that Barak Obama seems to believe in it. He has taken it upon himself to target for execution, at whim, anyone, anywhere in the world, whom the Empire deems necessary to exterminate, in order to maintain White Supremacy. Make no mistake: the White House is still the White House.

Licensed to Kill

It is reported that John Brennan, whose official title is Deputy National Security Advisor for Homeland Security and Counterterrorism and Assistant to the President, draws up the weekly list of those targeted for assassination by drones. These lists are then signed off by the President at a meeting of ‘counterterrorism security officials’ (War Council) held every Tuesday, now dubbed ‘kill list Tuesdays’ in White House circles.

Last year one of those targeted for assassination was Dr Khalid Ibrahim, leader of the Justice and Equality Movement (JEM), one of the largest groups within the Sudanese Revolutionary Front. He and some senior members of JEM had also been forced to leave Libya and were working to establish a liberated zone in Kordofan.

Only days ago, Tahir El-Faki, a spokesperson for the Justice and Equality Movement (JEM), accused the Bashir regime in Khartoum of transporting Salafi jihadists from Mali to North Darfur. He added that some of them had already been in Darfur before being moved to Mali last year. It was reported that the ‘Jihadists’, who are from different countries in the region, including Niger, Chad and Algeria, had been transported using Qatari airplanes. Africa is up for grabs.

And finally, there is the hugely threatening factor of China’s rise as an economic superpower on the global stage. However, China, which is also completely dependent on African resources for its continued economic growth, has an entirely different approach. Not interested in military expansion, they pursue economic and commercial expansion instead. In contrast to the Euro/American Empire, China is willing to negotiate a fair deal within a win-win framework, and is therefore becoming a preferred trading partner for many African states, especially those who want to free themselves from their dependence on economic relations with the unjust and hypocritical Empire. To disrupt the increasingly closer ties between China and Africa is a priority for the imperialists, and so an already crumbling Empire, threatened with its own extinction, is now in full military swing.

Malcolm X knew the enemy well:

‘…when you and I begin to look at him and see the language he speaks, the language of a brute, the language of someone who has no sense of morality, who absolutely ignores law – when you and I learn how to speak his language, then we can communicate. But we will never communicate talking one language while he’s talking another language. He’s talking the language of violence.’

Fact is they will never stop warring for Africa’s resources until we Africans put an end to the fight ourselves. That is why imperialism can only be buried once and for all in Africa…

And until that day,
The African continent
Will not know peace,
We Africans will fight – we find it necessary –
And we know we shall win
As we are confident
In the victory
Of good over evil


References

Alkalimat, Abd-l, *Ideology of Black Social Science,* in Black Scholar, Vol. 1, No 2, December 1969, USA

Fanon, Frantz, *The Wretched of the Earth, *Grove Weidenfeld, NY, USA, 1968

Ikuenobe Polycarp, Philosophical Perspectives on Communalism and Morality in African Traditions, Lexington Books, OX, UK, 2006

Ndu, Yahaya Ezemoo, Africa’s Role in the Global World, African Executive Magazine, Online Edition,February, 2011

Nobles, Wade, Africanity and the Black Family,Black Family Institute Publications CA, USA, 1985

Qaddafi, Muammar, The Green Book, Ithaca Press, UK, 2005 (first published 1975)

Shabazz, Malik (Malcolm X), By Any Means Necessary, Pathfinder, NY, USA, 1970

Title, opening and closing remarks from a speech delivered to the United Nations General Assembly by Haile Selassie in 1963, and later put to music by Robert Nesta Marley.


Gerald A. Perreira is a founding member of the Guyanese organizations Joint Initiative for Human Advancement and Dignity and Black Consciousness Movement Guyana (BCMG). He lived in Libya for many years, served in the Green March, an international battalion for the defense of the Al Fateh revolution and was an executive member of the World Mathaba based in Tripoli. He is the International Secretary for the newly formed, Afrocentric Pan-African International – ARM (African Revolutionary Movement).


*“Until the philosophy which holds one race superior and another inferior is finally and permanently discredited and abandoned,
everywhere is war
and until there are no longer first-class and second-class citizens of any nation,
until the color of a man’s skin is of no more significance than the color of his eyes.
And until the basic human rights are equally guaranteed to all without regard to race,
there is war.
And until that day,
the dream of lasting peace,
world citizenship,
rule of international morality,
will remain but a fleeting illusion to be pursued,
but never attained…
now everywhere is war.”

– Haile Selassie I

African Resistance to Colonial Rule

Call for a United States of Africa: Communiqué from the African Revolutionary Movement

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