IV Summit against Fascism in Venezuela: An Ideology That Has Not Died

Yoselina Guevara
On April 11, 12 and 13, the IV Summit against Fascism was held in Caracas, Venezuela, under the leadership of President Nicolás Maduro and within the framework of the commemoration of the 20th anniversary of the popular counter-coup of April 2002, through which the Venezuelan people regained power and the constitutional order, rescuing Commander Hugo Chávez Frías from the captivity to which he had been subjected by de facto powers.

The meeting was attended by 200 international guests from 58 countries belonging to the five continents, who discussed fascism, a political and cultural ideology that, despite its defeat as a structured political regime, its traces as a movement are still latent in the world.

Events such as this one, at the present time, take on vital importance in view of the need to counteract the fascist penetration that is making a dent in some sectors of the world population, in addition to the rampant aggressiveness of the reactionary wave that is present in several countries. On the other hand, in recent days, it has been demonstrated that fascism remains a real threat; this has been made visible through the disclosure of the crimes that have been perpetuated on Ukrainian territory by Nazi battalions and whose atrocities have been made known through the denazification being carried out by the Russian Federation with the implementation of a special military operation in Ukraine.

Fascist organizations in the Balkans

In addition to the existence of Nazi paramilitary groups in Ukraine, which have murdered, mutilated, abused and raped hundreds of people, mostly civilians, it is astonishing that in the old continent meetings are promoted to support fascism. Such is the case of the meeting, held at the end of September 2021 in Belgrade, called the Congress of the Serbian national and neo-fascist right wing. A country in which there are more than twenty organizations of fascist type, some of which have been active for years, located mainly on the territory of Serbia and the Balkans. It is the formation of a kind of test laboratory in Eastern Europe that is only the tip of an iceberg of fascism that continues to grow throughout Europe.

The American continent has not escaped attempts to expand these organizations, the coalition of right and extreme right parties led by the Spanish Vox is trying to create a fascist arm in South and Central America; the meetings with their followers in Mexico and Colombia are widely known.

Adaptability of fascism to the new times

Fascism as a political regime disappeared in 1945, with one of its greatest exponents Benito Mussolini, who under terror led Italy to dehumanization, legalized racism, war, moral and material destruction. However, in some countries, such as El Salvador for example, attempts are being made to impose forms of government that are close to fascism, whose characteristics are totalitarianism and a true violation of both national and international laws.

In this sense, beyond isolated examples, fascism is emerging with unusual force as a movement that takes the form of prevaricating, xenophobic, racist, homophobic and discriminatory violence against all minorities. The most serious thing is that these atrocities, through the action of the media, can become an everyday occurrence, even justifiable in public opinion.

It should also be taken into account the dynamic and continuous attempt of the extreme right wing to take hold of political parties, and above all of the institutions, always seeking to combat the structures of the left, no longer seeking its ruin from the outside, but accepting its formal rules and then corroding it from within.

It is these, fascists of the third millennium, who stir up the murky waters, who pretend to be close to the modern proletariat, to the underprivileged social classes in order to win their goodwill, their votes and even their consent in the long run. It is this sympathy that these fascists intend to build, seeking to settle social unrest and authoritarian drift, identifying the right moment to channel popular anger towards right-wing political parties and organizations. On the other hand, fascism uses other tools, and information plays a fundamental role indoctrinating through the media so that the citizen cannot discern what is false from what is true, generating violence at disproportionate levels.

The challenge of antifascism

This is the great dilemma to be faced, to make antifascism a grand movement contextualized in the great transformations of our time that will prevent the advance of authoritarian and discriminatory temptations. That is why the progressive left has an important responsibility to promote anti-fascism. There can be no struggle against fascism without a political change aimed at improving the living conditions of millions of people who are prey to poverty and discrimination. It is necessary to always keep in mind the thought of Hugo Chávez Frías: unity, struggle, battle and victory. Without this, we will continue to be an archipelago of isolated islets drowned in the sea of our own contradictions.

Yoselina Guevara López Correspondent in Italy