Roger D. Harris
PRAIA, CABO VERDE — The case of Alex Saab raises dangerous precedents in terms of extraterritorial judicial abuse, violation of diplomatic status, and even the use of torture to extract false confessions. This is according to Montréal-based international human rights lawyer John Philpot. He spoke on May 19 at a webinar sponsored by the Alliance for Global Justice and other groups about this example of the long reach of the U.S. empire enforcing its deadly sanctions on some one-third of humanity.
US sanctions Venezuela for being sovereign
Stansfield Smith of Chicago ALBA Solidarity commented that the Saab case is part of a larger U.S. effort to use “lawfare” to impose its illegal sanctions, which the United Nations condemns as “unilateral coercive measures.” The U.S. employs sanctions to discipline countries that attempt to develop independently of its dominion.
The U.S. can extend its imperial reach through its domination of the international financial system, which is U.S. dollar-denominated and mediated through the monetary exchange known as SWIFT. Smith explained that Washington could demand that banks in foreign countries accept U.S. restrictions or face sanctions themselves by controlling the international financial system.
Venezuela’s resistance to U.S. interference, starting with Hugo Chávez’s Bolivarian Revolution two decades ago, has been punished by the U.S. with mounting sanctions so extreme that they now amount to an asphyxiating blockade, causing severe shortages of food and medicine. William Camacaro of the Alberto Lovera Bolivarian Circle attested to the impact on the people of Venezuela. In effect, this U.S. effort to achieve regime change is collective punishment to coerce the Venezuelans to reject their elected government.
Even a report from the U.S. government readily admits that “sanctions, particularly on the state oil company in 2019, likely contributed to the steeper decline of the Venezuelan economy.” This crippling blow to its oil industry has impacted Venezuela’s capability to generate electricity, conduct agriculture, and generate income from oil sales to fund social programs and import vital necessities, all of which have negatively impacted the lives of ordinary Venezuelans.
Once a leading oil exporter, Venezuela’s ability to import equipment components for its oil refineries and light oil to mix with its heavy crude has been cut off by the U.S., devastating its productive capacity. The U.S. has even blocked international oil-for-food swaps by Venezuela.
US targets humanitarian mission
Special Envoy and Ambassador to the African Union for Venezuela Alex Saab was on a humanitarian mission flying from Caracas to Iran to procure food and gasoline for the Venezuelan CLAP food assistance program. Saab was detained on a refueling stop in the African nation of Cabo Verde and has been held in custody ever since June 12, 2020.
Saab’s “crime” — according to the U.S. government, which ordered the imprisonment — was money laundering. That is, Saab conducted perfectly legal international trade. Still, his circumventing of the U.S. sanctions – which are designed to prevent relief to the Venezuelans – is considered by Washington to be money laundering.
After a two-year investigation into Saab’s transactions with Swiss banks, the Swiss government concluded on March 25 that there was no money laundering. Saab is being prosecuted because he is serving his country’s interest rather than that of the U.S. Saab was born in Colombia but now holds Venezuelan citizenship.
The U.S. mandate for the arrest and extradition of Saab would be like Saudi Arabia demanding the arrest and extradition of a British citizen visiting Italy for wearing short-shorts. In essence, the U.S. does not have legal jurisdiction over a Venezuelan in Cabo Verde on his way to Iran.
As former Venezuelan minister and activist Indhriana Parada wrote in the Alliance for Global Justice webinar chat: “Greetings from Venezuela. We support the release of Alex Saab. It is a totally political case, and we want him back. Alex Saab did not launder money. Alex Saab bought food and medicine for Venezuela.”
The legal fig leaf for what amounts to a kidnapping was an INTERPOL “red notice,” which was not issued until a day after Saab’s arrest and was subsequently dropped. Saab has stated specifically:
They tortured me and pressured me to sign voluntary extradition declarations and bear false witness against my government.”
Saab’s distinguished African defense team
Saab’s attorney in Cabo Verde, Geraldo da Cruz Almeida, explained to the webinar the absurdity of the politically motivated legal case against his client: Alex Saab has violated neither Cabo Verdean nor Venezuelan law. Moreover, Saab’s diplomatic status should have given him immunity from arrest.
The U.S. does not recognize Saab’s diplomatic status. But then again, President Joe Biden maintains the fiction that the self-appointed and Trump-anointed Juan Guaidó is president of Venezuela.
Femi Falana, former president of the West African Bar Association, spoke to the webinar from Nigeria. Attorney Falana represented Saab before the regional Economic Community of West African States (ECOWAS) Court. On March 15, the court ordered Saab’s release and cancellation of the extradition.
Under U.S. pressure, Cabo Verde continues to hold Saab. Attorney Falana has called on President Biden to respect the rule of law and human rights in Africa. Sara Flounders of the International Action Center pointed out that 15 of the 39 countries under illegal U.S. sanctions are African.
Ranking 175th and 185th among the world’s countries in terms of geographic area and economic size respectively, resource-poor, and dependent on tourism and remittances from abroad, the Republic of Cabo Verde is vulnerable to U.S. strong-arm tactics. Shortly after Saab’s arrest, the U.S. gifted $1.5 million to private sector entities in Cabo Verde on top of some $284 million total U.S. aid in the last 20 years.
The U.S. State Department describes Cabo Verde as “an important partner” where the “current administration has prioritized relations with the United States and Europe.” The U.S. Bureau for International Narcotics Law Enforcement funds and supports activities in Cabo Verde, while the Boston Police Department works with Cabo Verde police.
Cabo Verde, it should be noted, is important in the history of African liberation. Marxist Amílcar Cabral led the liberation movement of Guinea-Bissau and Cabo Verde Islands and was assassinated in 1973, only months before it declared independence from Portugal.
Setting a precedent
Meng Wanzhou, a Chinese national doing business in Canada, is under arrest for “bank fraud” and is fighting extradition to the U.S. North Korean Mun Chol Myong has already been extradited to the U.S. from Malaysia on similar charges to those used against Saab for doing business according to international law rather than abiding by the U.S.’ illegal measures.
In short, Saab’s is not an isolated case of U.S. misconduct around enforcing its illegal sanctions but an emerging pattern. Any one of us working on getting needed goods to a U.S.-sanctioned country is at risk of the U.S. pushing to get us arrested and jailed in some country we pass through that is subservient to the U.S.
That the U.S. can engineer the arrest of a diplomat – someone who has immunity by international law even in the time of war – is a dangerous precedent. That the arrest was extraterritorial is worse, especially because Saab is an ambassador to the African Union. This harkens back to the flagrantly illegal and inhumane U.S. practice of extraordinary rendition used to populate the Guantánamo torture chambers.
The award-winning movie The Mauritanian is about the true story of crusading lawyer Nancy Hollander, who successfully freed a tortured innocent man from the made-in-the-USA hell of Guantánamo. The Hollander character, played in the movie by Jodie Foster, says: “I am not just defending him, I am defending the rule of law.”
The real-life Nancy Hollander attended the webinar. A lawyer’s delegation to Cabo Verde in solidarity with Saab is being planned, and a petition campaign on his behalf is underway. These efforts recognize that the defense of Alex Saab is a defense of the rule of international law against illegal U.S. sanctions (#FREEAlexSaab).
Feature photo | Graffiti near a shop in Caracas calling for the release of Alex Saab, with the hashtag #Freealexsaab. Photo | Alamy
Roger D. Harris is with the human rights organization Task Force on the Americas