Division, the Enemy’s Preferred Weapon

Arthur González
https://www.gannett-cdn.com/indepth-static-assets/uploads/master/2425360001/0ca9d8a0-4fca-4781-b97b-c6e0f8dad489-crozierrough2.jpg?width=1600 The concept of “divide and rule” is ancient and what the United States is trying to do against all revolutionary movements and Cuba has been an arena of battle in that regard.

Before the revolutionary triumph of 1959, the United States tried to divide the forces that were fighting against the tyranny of Fulgencio Batista, which is why they supported the formation of the 2nd National Escambray Front and sent CIA agent William Morgan and officer John Spiritto with the aim of preventing unity between the July 26th Movement, the March 13th Student Directorate and the Popular Socialist Party.

That purpose was declared by Spiritto himself when he was arrested on December 5, 1962 by the Cuban State Security.

The Spanish government also used the same method of the internal division of the revolutionary forces, something that José Martí denounced on May 28, 1892 in the newspaper Patria, where he exposed:

“The Spanish government has blinded itself to reality, has pointed out its enemies one by one, following them with a man at their heels… it divides by slander and by the skillful cultivation of human passions, those Cubans in whom a personal distribution or a class obligation or a misunderstood comradeship, could be more than the duty to the homeland”.

And he added:

“It is our duty to denounce, so that no one can be deceived, not even by passion, where his enemy intends to take him, nor collaborate with the pretexts of evil or pride, in the disorder and defeat of his country, the special, tenacious and still fruitful methods of the Spanish campaign. Of the most subtle and effective of these methods no one should be surprised, since by taking advantage of internal dissensions Spain was able to win a war, which it was never able to win by force of arms”.

The CIA has never stopped working in that direction and has tried on many occasions to do so against the Revolution, even developing a plan to divide the Cuban Armed Forces and the communists, for which a supposedly resentful CIA officer sold false information, regarding the alleged betrayal by a senior Cuban military officer, with the same interest in internal division, convinced that the fundamental weapon of the Cubans is their unity.

Today the work of the CIA and its collaborators is to erode that unity, which is why their efforts and funds are directed towards the Cuban youth, according to the report of the “Commission for Assistance to a Free Cuba”, known as the “Plan for Transition to Democracy”, approved on May 6, 2004 by President George W. Bush:

“Reaching out to Cuba’s youth represents one of the most significant opportunities to hasten the end of the regime. This generation has the weakest link to the Revolution; their apathy and discontent are endemic. Continue to isolate the Castro regime while supporting the democratic opposition and empowering the emerging civil society”.

The events of last November 2020, carried out by a group of young people in front of the Ministry of Culture, stimulated by the artist Tania Brugueras, the principal tool of the Yankees to erode the cultural sector from within, is a sample of how they insist on dividing the Cuban people using the same tricks, now with the use of social networks, which facilitates them to reach immediately and massively many people, who, according to José Martí, are divided by slander and the skillful cultivation of human passions.

It is not by chance that we find in social networks some articles aimed at creating opinion states against the Revolution:

“The State must resolve the contradictions between its political discourse and its economic projection. It is the facts that show the direction that things are really taking. The military presence in the economy, its unpopular dollarization, the brake on private initiative, the luxury hotels built between neighborhoods in ruins and an investment in tourism much higher than that made in agriculture, are only some of the contradictions of the reforms in a country with serious problems in terms of food, inputs, housing and civil rights”.

Much of the censorship suffered by artists is due to the approach of these issues, therefore, talking about culture is impossible without touching these aspects.

Among our most expensive realities is the massive exodus of young people in search of the opportunities they have had to find in their country.

The criminal economic, commercial and financial war that has been going on for 62 years is not mentioned at all, as if its cruel actions of continuous sanctions, the pressures on foreign investors and the heavy penalties on international banks, did not have unfavorable repercussions on the economy of a small island without natural resources and were not a fundamental cause of emigration in the last 40 years.

Do they not see what is happening today in the European and North American economies, only by partially closing their industries and service centers for 9 months?

What would happen in those countries if they had to endure a cruel economic war like the one imposed by the United States against Cuba for 60 years?

Would they be able to maintain standards of health care, education, culture, sports and social security as Cuba does?

That is the reality of the subversive plans of the CIA and its acolytes, who are trying to sow in the minds of young people distorted ideas of reality, to dismantle socialist thought and support for the revolutionary process, and to do the same thing that the Spanish metropolis tried to do, to win a war, which it could never win by force of arms.

Let us remember José Martí, when in 1892 he affirmed:

“Our enemy has a plan: to fester, disperse, divide and drown us. That is why we follow another plan: to educate ourselves to our full stature, to press, to assemble, to outwit him. Plan against plan. Without a plan of resistance you cannot defeat a plan of attack”.