Libya: The Cairo Declaration

Egyptian President Abdel Fattah El-Sisi announced today an initiative for the comprehensive solution in Libya, warning against any military solutions.

(Libya, 6 June 2020) – Speaking at a press conference in Cairo with the Speaker of Libya’s House of Representatives (HOR) Chancellor Aguila Saleh and the Commander-in-Chief of the Libyan National Army, Field Marshal Khalifa Haftar, Egyptian President El-Sisi said the initiative calls for a ceasefire, the removal of mercenaries, and the dismantling of militias in Libya.

He declared that the initiative is Libyan-Libyan and respects all international initiatives and resolutions on Libya’s integrity, stressing that it calls all Libyan stakeholders for a ceasefire starting next Monday while highlighting the significant relevance of the outcomes of the Berlin Summit on the political solution in Libya.

“The agreement will ensure a fair representation of Libya’s three regions in a Presidential Council elected by the people under the UN supervision. It also includes a commitment to a Libyan constitutional declaration and the removal of foreign mercenaries from all parts of Libya,” said the Egyptian President.

El-Sisi also affirmed that the Army Commander Khalifa Haftar and the HOR’s Speaker must achieve the best interests of the Libyan people, stressing the importance of reaching a political initiative to end the conflict in Libya.

The Cairo Declaration includes proposals to declare a ceasefire throughout Libya starting Monday, 8th June 2020 and renews the call for the resumption of the 5+5 peace negotiations in Geneva under the UN auspices.

The declaration requires all foreign entities to remove their mercenaries from Libya, dismantle militias, and surrender their weapons so that the Libyan National Army (LNA) can carry out its security tasks.

The initiative provides for the formation of an elected presidential council, while ensuring fair representation for Libya’s thee regions, to administer governance, conduct fair elections, and distribute wealth fairly and transparently to all citizens, stressing the need to adopt a constitutional declaration regulating the political process in the country.

Earlier in the day, the Egyptian President Abdel-Fattah El-Sisi received at Ittihadia Palace both Chancellor Aguila Saleh and Field Marshal Khalifa Haftar. Presidential Spokesperson Bassam Rady said that El-Sisi’s meeting with the Libyan leaders emanates from Egypt’s abiding interest to achieve security and political stability for Libya and its people.The Egyptian President stressed that Libya’s security is an extension of the Egyptian national security, let alone the impact of the repercussions of the current situation there on the regional and international milieu.

The meeting was attended by Colonel General Mohamed Zaki, the Egyptian Minister of Defense, Major General Abbas Kamel, the Head of the Egyptian General Intelligence, Ali Abdel-Al, Speaker of the Egyptian Parliament, and Sameh Shoukry, the Egyptian Foreign Minister.


An official copy of the Cairo Declaration to resolve the Libyan crisis and the most prominent items of the proposed initiative regarding the developments of the crisis.

The objectives of the initiative:

1. To emphasize Libya’s unity, integrity, and independence, respect for all international efforts and initiatives and relevant UN Security Council resolutions, and accordingly, all parties’ commitment to the ceasefire as of 8th June 2020.

2. The initiative is based mainly on the outcomes of the Berlin Summit, which resulted in a comprehensive political solution that includes clear implementation steps (political, security, and economic tracks), respect for human rights and international human rights law, and an investment of the consensus that resulted from the Berlin Summit between the leaders of the concerned countries with the Libyan crisis.

3. To complete the work of the Military Committee (“5+5”) course in Geneva under the UN auspices to ensure the consequent success of the remaining tracks (political, security, and economic), taking into account the importance of the UN and the international community’s obliging all foreign parties to remove the foreign mercenaries from Libya, dismantling militias, and handing over their weapons so that the LNA, in cooperation with the security services, can carry out their military and security tasks in the country.

4. To work towards restoring Libyan national institutions while identifying the appropriate Libyan national mechanism to revive the political track under the UN auspices benefiting from the efforts of the international community to resolve the Libyan crisis.

5. To regain the State’s control over all security institutions and support the military institution (the LNA) to assume its responsibilities in combating terrorism and asserting its role in cooperation with the security and police agencies to protect Libyan sovereignty and restore maritime, air, and land security.

6. The Presidential Council shall take decisions by a majority of votes, except for sovereign decisions related to the armed forces, which shall be adopted by consensus based on the proposals of the Commander-in-Chief of the Armed Forces and in his presence.

The main themes of the initiative:

7. Each of Libya’s three regions (Eastern Region, Western Region, and Southern Region), shall form an electoral assembly whose members are selected from among the members of the HOR and the State Council representing each region, along with tribal elders and notables and considering an acceptable representation of women and youth, in addition to political elites selected from among intellectuals and unions. The three electoral assemblies shall meet under the UN auspices to be agreed upon and for each region to choose its representative, either by consensus or election, within 90 days.

8. Each region shall select its representative for the Presidential Council, as well as a Deputy Prime Minister from among the competent and patriotic Libyans to form a Presidential Council of one president and two Deputies. Then, the Presidential Council shall nominate the Prime Minister, who in turn, together with his two Deputies, shall form a government and present it to the Presidential Council in preparation for referring it to the HOR for a vote of confidence.

9. The United Nations shall supervise the electoral assemblies in general to ensure the integrity of the process of selecting candidates for the Presidential Council.

10. Each region shall have a proportional number of ministerial portfolios commensurate with its population after agreeing to the members of the new Presidential Council and naming the Prime Minister. No single region shall have the presidency of more than one of the three authorities, namely the Presidential Council, the HOR, and the Cabinet. The region of Tripoli shall have 9 ministries, Cyrenaica region 7, and Fezzan region 5, while the 6 sovereign ministries shall be divided among the three regions equally (two ministries for each region) with the appointment of two deputies from the other two regions for each minister.

11. The HOR shall adopt the amendments to the constitutional declaration through a legal committee formed by the Speaker, Mr. Aguila Saleh after the committee (comprising representatives from among the members of the HOR and the State Council) agrees on the points that must be modified in the constitutional declaration within 30 days starting from the date of the first session.

12. Under the UN supervision, the electoral assembly for each region shall form a committee of competent national figures, constitutional experts, and intellectuals, to be approved by the Libyan HOR to draft a new constitution for the country that defines the form for governance of the Libyan state and put it to the popular referendum for approval (the committee shall complete its work within 90 days from the date of its formation).

13. The transitional period shall be 18 months, which can be increased by a maximum of 6 months, during which all the Libyan state institutions, especially the main economic institutions, notably the Central Bank of Libya, National Oil Corporation, and Libyan Investment Corporation shall be restructured and their boards shall be reshuffled to ensure the effectiveness of the new government’s performance and providing it with the necessary resources to manage the transitional period that would end with the organization of presidential and parliamentary elections.

14. To take the necessary executive measures to unify all economic and monetary institutions in eastern, southern, and western Libya, implement structural economic reforms, prevent Libyan funds from reaching any militias, and ensure a fair and transparent distribution of Libyan resources to all citizens.

Al Marsad