A total of 10 of the countries of the self-styled Lima Group have rectified their position regarding the document condemning the expulsion of two exploration vessels of the transnational ExxonMobil that were in Venezuelan jurisdictional waters and challenging the legitimacy of the Venezuelan Government.
“The Bolivarian Diplomacy of Peace has triumphed! 10 countries that subscribed to the declaration of the self-styled Lima Group have rectified their position with regard to point number 9, respecting the territorial integrity of Venezuela,” Chancellor of the Bolivarian Republic of Venezuela, Jorge Arreaza, said on Saturday.
- 10 Countries of the Lima Group Rectified Interventionist Position on the Sovereignty of Venezuela
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Foreign Minister Arreaza ratified call to Guyana to resume dialogue
The Minister for Foreign Affairs, Jorge Arreaza, ratified on Saturday the call to the Government of Guyana to resume dialogue and stick to the Geneva Agreement of 1966, a legal instrument that governs the territorial dispute between the two nations.
“Let’s go back to the dialogue, to the negotiating table, let’s go back to the Geneva Agreement, let’s resolve this through international law and through respect among countries,” Arreaza said in statements at the Foreign Ministry’s headquarters in Caracas.
In June of last year, the Executive Vice President of the Bolivarian Republic of Venezuela, Delcy Rodríguez, accompanied by Foreign Minister Arreaza, delivered a letter to the President of the International Court of Justice (ICJ), Abdulqawi Ahmed Yusuf, during a meeting held in La Haya, Netherlands.
The letter ratified the historical and legal position of the Government of Venezuela in defense of the legitimate rights over Guayana Esequiba, in addition to maintaining its position of friendly settlement and satisfactory to both parties under the Geneva Agreement.
Through a statement, Venezuela announced on that occasion its decision not to participate in the procedure introduced before the ICJ unilaterally by the Government of the Cooperative Republic of Guyana, which requested the legalization of the 1899 arbitration, which Venezuela considers irrational and fraudulent when arising from the British occupation of the Essequibo territory, which covers some 160,000 square kilometers.
“The Venezuelan representative has informed the president of the court, through a letter signed by the President of the Bolivarian Republic of Venezuela, Nicolás Maduro Moros, of his sovereign decision not to participate in the procedure that Guyana intends to initiate, as the Court manifestly lacks jurisdiction over an action unilaterally proposed by the neighboring country, which does not have the consent of Venezuela”.
The Essequibo region is under the mediation of the United Nations (UN) since the signing of the Geneva Agreement in 1966, which establishes the mechanisms to initiate a process of treatment of the so-called historical dispute over the Essequibo, between the Republic of Venezuela and the Republic that was derived from the conception of independence of Guyana -by the United Kingdom-, which at that time had an interim government.
On repeated occasions, Chancellor Arreaza has rejected the unilateral action of Guyana, considering that it is contrary to the Geneva Agreement and makes it impossible to move towards a solution to the dispute.
The National Government has insisted on restoring the dialogue between both nations to settle the dispute peacefully, while the Government of Guyana has threatened sanctions if Venezuela does not comply with the ICJ ruling.
In addition, the territorial dispute has worsened in recent years after the discovery by Exxon Mobil of oil deposits in waters in the area.
Translation by Internationalist 360°