Caracas, 27 April. AVN.
The withdrawal of Venezuela from the Organization of American States (OAS), a process that will begin on Thursday, was decided after a year of actions aimed at invoking the Democratic Charter against the country through discussions that were not endorsed by the South American nation, where there is no rupture of the constitutional order, an indispensable condition to apply the instrument.
On April 28, 2016, OAS secretary general, Luis Almagro, received a group of parliamentarians from Venezuela’s opposition coalition MUD, who insisted on the Executive to pass legal instruments such as the law –declared unconstitutional– to forgive crimes against humanity committed since 1999 to the present. After that meeting, he said he would invoke the Inter-American Democratic Charter against the country, without fulfilling the established conditions.
Such move was rejected by Foreign Minister Delcy Rodriguez, who spoke at an extraordinary meeting of the OAS Permanent Council on May 5 to repudiate Almagro’s petition, who requested to activate the charter against the country on May 31 with a report based on data from press releases.
On June 21, Rodriguez attended a permanent council meeting with Spanish former president Jose Luis Rodriguez Zapatero, who is supporting the dialogue process promoted by President Nicolas Maduro, to explain the scope of the government-opposition talks.
Two days later, the Almagro report was debated with the aim of invoking the letter, but the proposal received 12 votes against, one abstention and two absences, not enough to apply the instrument against Venezuela.
“This is a historic decision the one taken today, 19 votes in favor says a lot about how countries have matured and moved forward, and ratified their sovereignty and independence,” she said at the time.
The scenario is repeated in 2017
On February 7, Almagro said he would rule out attempting to apply the democratic charter while the Vatican served as mediator of dialogues initiated in October between the executive and the opposition, which decided to abandon the process under allegations of non-compliance of the accords.
Three days later, the OAS Secretary General met again with a group of MUD lawmakers to the National Assembly (AN), which was held in contempt in July 2016 for non-compliance with court rulings, and announced he would initiate the process to apply the charter, although Pope Francis expressed his willingness to accompany the conversations that began three months earlier.
On March 14, Almagro presented another report on Venezuela and requested without the government’s consent to discuss the internal situation of the country. Two weeks later, the issue was addressed at the request of Belize, Guyana, Canada, Argentina, Brazil, Chile, Colombia, Costa Rica, USA, Guatemala, Honduras, Mexico, Panama, Paraguay, Peru, Uruguay, Barbados, Bahamas, Saint Lucia and Jamaica.
These 20 countries presented a document that, like the Almagro report, was intended to open the way to apply the letter. The text “rather represents a violation of international law, so we can not recognize them as participants of goodwill, because you with that document are promoting a coup in the country,” said the Venezuelan ambassador to the OAS, Samuel Moncada, after delivery of the document.
Following the debate, the Chair of the Permanent Council at that time, the Belizean Patrick Andrews, said all delegations’ speeches would be included in the final act. Then the session was adjourned, which ended without approval of the procedures for the application of the letter.
On April 1, opposition deputy Julio Borges –elected head of Venezuelan parliament while remaining in contempt of court– handed Almagro another report on the country’s situation, as part of the international campaign pointing out that in Venezuela there is a rupture of the constitutional order.
That day, Bolivia’s pro tempore presidency began in front of the permanent council, and this country suspended the session called on April 3 to once again discuss about Venezuela, on the basis that agenda of discussion was not clear. Despite the decision, 21 countries decided to ignore it and opened the discussion, rejected by the Venezuelan and Bolivian delegations for contravening the rules of the organization.
During the meeting, which took place the same day that MUD deputies William Davila and Luis Florido were at the OAS, 17 countries were in favor of approving resolution to activate the letter, when 18 votes were needed, the simple majority.
On Wednesday, another discussion was held to approve a meeting of foreign ministers on Venezuela again without the country’s endorsement. Given the precedents, the South American nation finally decided to withdraw from the hemispheric organization, a process that will take two years.
“The withdrawal of this organization has to do with the dignity of our people, of the Bolivarian doctrine that defends multilateralism,” said Rodriguez, stressing that Secretary General Luis Almagro, has reedited the interventionist file the OAS has carried out since its foundation, to support coups d’etat in sovereign nations and military invasions.
Maduro: Venezuela will continue its journey towards true independence
Caracas, 27 April.AVN .
Venezuela’s President Nicolas Maduro said Wednesday that Venezuela will continue its journey towards true independence, after Foreign Minister Delcy Rodriguez announced the nation will begin its process to leave the Organization of American States (OAS).
“As head of state in exercise of the powers conferred by the Constitution, I have ordered the immediate withdrawal of the OAS. The Bolivarian Revolutionary and Chavista Venezuela will continue its journey towards our true independence and nothing and nobody will stop us,” he said via his Twitter account.
The President said this act of dignity is to enforce Venezuela’s self-determination and break with international interventionism.
“April 26, 2017, a day of dignity and independence, I have taken a giant step to break with imperial interventionism. Enough of interventionist abuses and violation of legality, Venezuela is the cradle of liberators and we will make them respect it,” he said.
He further called for civil-military unity among Venezuelans for the sake of better understanding, and overcoming the plan of interventionism and preserving the country’s peace.
“I ask for the understanding and solidarity of the peoples of our America and the world to defeat the interventionist plan against Venezuela. I ask for the civil-military unity of the people in this battle for independence and peace of our homeland #PorDignidadNosVamosDeLaOEA (ForDignityWeLeaveOAS),” he said.
On Wednesday, the OAS Permanent Council held a special meeting in which the United States imposed its interventionist agenda against Venezuela in order to destabilize the South American nation and thereby disrupt the constitutional government led by president Nicolas Maduro.
Venezuela denounces Almagro actions against country’s sovereignty
Venezuela denounced Wednesday the interventionist actions of the Secretary General of the Organization of American States (OAS), Luis Almagro, and a group of governments of the region against the principles of defense to the sovereignty of member countries of the block.
Through a statement, the Venezuelan Foreign Ministry rejected the claim to invoke the Consultation Mechanism of Foreign Affairs Ministers to address any issue related to Venezuela without the express authorization of the Venezuelan State.
If a meeting of the block is held Wednesday, the Venezuela state “will initiate the legal process leading to denunciation of the OAS Charter and the withdrawal of our country from this organization, consistent with historical and doctrinaire principles that inspire our diplomacy,” reads the statement.
Here is the full text:
BOLIVARIAN REPUBLIC OF VENEZUELA
MINISTRY OF FOREIGN AFFAIRS
The Bolivarian Republic of Venezuela, on the occasion of the repeated and systematic illegal, illegitimate, fraudulent and intrusive actions carried out by the Secretary General of the Organization of American States (OAS), Luis Almagro, and a group of governments of the region, informs:
First. The OAS is disqualified to address issues related to Venezuela because it has been instrumentalized for arbitrary, biased, disproportionate, malicious and deviant absurdities of Secretary Luis Almagro about Venezuela, which seriously violate the governing norms, principles and foundations of his performance as an international official and the stated purposes and aims of the Organization.
Second. A minority faction of governments of OAS member countries continues to attack the Bolivarian Republic of Venezuela through gross violation of the OAS Charter, norms and principles governing its functioning, and the sacred principles of International Law claiming mutual sovereign respect, equality between States, self-determination of peoples and non-interference in the internal affairs of States.
Third. The OAS has become a mockery of the Inquisition Court whose sole purpose and agenda on the continent is to prosecute and convict Venezuela without being a court, or with no offense and without a trial, seeking to criminalize its government, isolate our country, destabilize our constitutional democracy and facilitate plans for foreign intervention against our homeland.
Fourth. Last April 3, one of the most shameful instigations in the institutional history of this organization was consummated, which gave green light to the violent actions carried out nowadays by the Venezuelan extremist opposition, causing chaos and pain to society that today has claimed the unrecoverable life of 26 Venezuelan citizens.
Fifth. The bias of the OAS Secretary General, double standards on Human Rights, actions against peace and public tranquility, independence, non-intervention and the dignity of a member state, disqualify any possibility of OAS to be the ideal and balanced regional facility for mutual understanding and sovereign respect, cooperation and collective well-being, since the responsibilities of its internal organs have been manipulated, the division within the organization has been sown and distrust fomented among its members.
Sixth. The Bolivarian Republic of Venezuela categorically rejects the claim to invoke the OAS Foreign Ministers’ Consultation Mechanism –so illicit that it is based on a forged resolution that does not exist– to address any issue related to Venezuela without the express authorization of the Venezuelan State, and expresses its clear, full and indubitable decision in the sense that, if this illegal claim that violates our rights comes into being, it will initiate the legal process leading to denunciation of the OAS Charter and the withdrawal of our country from this organization, consistent with the historical and doctrinaire principles that inspire our diplomacy.
Seventh. Venezuela has convened an Extraordinary Meeting of Foreign Ministers of the Community of Latin American and Caribbean States (CELAC) to address, without undue and illicit pressure from the hegemonic power of the region, and within the framework of sovereign equality of States, “the threats against the democratic constitutional order of the Bolivarian Republic of Venezuela, as well as interventionist actions against its independence, sovereignty and self-determination,” to be held on May 2 in El Salvador, as the Pro Tempore Chair of CELAC has been informed accordingly.
Eighth. Venezuela will not attend any initiative within the framework of the OAS, which has broadly and publicly demonstrated its interventionist tenor in the internal affairs of our country and seeks the tutelage of the political, economic and social life of our nation, which would be an extremely harmful precedent of all the rules of Public International Law.
The Bolivarian Republic of Venezuela calls on the international community and the communications corporations to stop the brutal bias about the reality of our country, while condemning the demonstrations that prompt the coup and extremist factors to promote violence and the intervention of Venezuela in conjunction with governments serving Washington’s orders. We are a People of Peace, that builds future with the flags of independence and freedom that we inherited from our Liberators.
Caracas, April 26, 2017