A report from the Justice and Peace Chamber of the Superior Court of Bogotá points at more than 50 companies for alleged collaboration with illegal groups during the armed conflict.
Several of these companies have been mentioned by paramilitaries in various ways during prosecution processes for massacres, torture, disappearance and forced displacement among other crimes.
It has been learned that these companies would be judged as third parties in the Special Jurisdiction for Peace, which will establish whether there was or no direct responsibility, ie whether these companies were required to pay “jabs” (ie, illegal fees) or if instead they contributed voluntarily to groups in the context of the armed conflict.
In the first case they would be exempt from criminal responsibility and investigations or other legal procedures would be filed. Within the group of some 57 companies some are said to have collaborated voluntarily with paramilitarism while another group are said to have benefited from their criminal actions.
In any case it will be the Special Peace Tribunal and its magistrates to define whether or not they have criminal responsibility. Furthermore they would impose appropriate sanctions in accordance to the crime committed. The preliminary revealed list consists of 57 companies, of international, national and regional level:
Ingenio San Carlos
Agrícola Río Verde
Envigado Fútbol Club
Carbones la Mirla
Ferretería el Palustre
Maderas del Darién
Sociedad de Agricultores y Ganaderos de Nariños (SAGAN)
Dirección Marítima y Portuaria de Tumaco
El Castillo de la Ropa (Ipiales)
Lácteos Andinos de Nariño
Gas de Urabá
Fondo Ganadero del Tolima
Fondo Ganadero del Cesar
Fondo Ganadero de Córdoba
Centrales Eléctricas de Norte de Santander S.A.
Cenabastos de Cúcuta
Aguas Mansas y Vigilar Asociados
Miro Seguridad (Medellín)
Servicentro ESSO Las Vegas
Estación de Servicio San Rafael
Pinturas El Cóndor
Transportes Botero Soto
Ladrilleros Asociados S.A.
Transportes Gómez Hernández
Tejar de Pescadero
Inversiones Minagro Ltda
Porcícola Santa Clara